A. Evidence of changing water into wine (Jn 2:1-22):
This miracle was the first of Jesus’ signs in Cana of Galilee (Jn 2:11). The occasion was a marriage feast to which He and the disciples had been invited. Having accepted the invitation of those who were to be married, Jesus, and His mother, were present with His disciples. The occasion for the miracle was when Jesus’ mother said to Him, “They have no wine” (Jn 2:3). Since Jesus responded to His mother with the statement, “My hour has not yet come,” it may be that this was a preemptive sign that His mother expected Him to do. At least Jesus answered His mother in a manner that she expected something from Him in order to solve the problem. So after His kind correction of her misunderstanding concerning His ministry, and without any showmanship, Jesus proceeded to provide the wine.
Regardless of the occasion, or the reasons for revealing His power, John used this sign to encourage the people to start thinking about who He was. In order to begin their wonder concerning who He was, they had to be initiated into the supernatural realm from where He originated.
There were six water pots available, the contents of which were used by the guests for cleansing for a feast (Jn 2:6; see Mk 7:1-9). Since the water had already been used by the guests for washing, Jesus asked that they again be filled with water. Once they were filled, Jesus instructed, “Now draw some out …” (Jn 2:8). When the master of the feast tasted the contents, he excitedly proclaimed that the wine was superior to that which was commonly served at the beginning of a feast.
The master of the feast was unaware of the circumstances and origin of the wine that he classified as superior. He did not realize that the turning of the water into wine was accomplished by Jesus, and that the change was instantaneous. There were no dramatic performances on the part of Jesus in order to call attention to what He had just done. There was no ecstatic behavior on the part of those who witnessed the miracle. The sign was simply done, and the result reaped the desired response: “This beginning of signs Jesus did in Cana of Galilee, and manifested His glory. And His disciples believed in Him” (Jn 2:11).
If the disciples believed with only the one sign of turning water into wine, then we would conclude that it takes only one valid confirming miracle to produce faith. John wants us to understand that a valid miracle is enough to confirm the presence of the supernatural. One valid miracle is more evidential than a host of fake miracles.
For the disciples, this was only the beginning of an adventure of amazement that would continue for over three years. They would learn that this Jesus they followed was the Master over the elements of the world that He had created (See Cl 1:16). In the future, they would see greater things. They would eventually arrive at the conclusion that the Son of God was truly in their presence. By the time John takes his readers to the resurrection of Lazarus, he has prepared our minds to accept the fact that the Father was working powerfully through the incarnate Son in order to glorify both Himself and the Son.
[See you tomorrow]